"Statutes of limitations" are laws that set time limits on how long you have to file a "civil" lawsuit, like a personal injury lawsuit, or how long the state has to prosecute someone for committing a crime. These time limits usually depend on the legal claim or crime involved in the case, and they're different from state to state. For example, in some states you may have three years to file a personal injury lawsuit after you were hurt in a car accident, but in other states you may have two years. As general rules:

  • The time period begins to run on the date your claim arises or "accrues," like the day of the car accident, or when a crime is committed, and
  • Once the statute of limitations has expired or "run," you can't file a lawsuit (or be prosecuted for a crime)

Below are the statutes of limitations in Oregon for various civil claims and crimes. The list doesn't cover everything. Also, the laws may change at any time, so be sure to check the current laws and read them carefully, or talk to an attorney if you have any questions.

Civil

Note: Most of the civil statutes of limitations are in Title 2, Chapter 12 of the Oregon Revised Statutes. You need to scroll through the page provided to see the code sections noted below. Also, you can scroll through the laws in this Chapter to find the statute of limitations for civil claims or "causes of action" not listed below.

Description

Statute

Assault and Battery, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.110(1)

Contract (in writing), 6 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.080(1)

Contract (oral or not in writing), 6 years    

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.080(1)    

False Imprisonment, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.110(1)

Fraud, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.110(1)

Enforcing Court Judgments, 10 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.070(1)

Legal Malpractice, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.110(1)

Libel, 1 year

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.120(2)

Medical Malpractice, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.110(4)

Personal Injury, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.110(1)

Product Liability, 2 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 30.905(2)

Property Damage, 6 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.080(4)

Slander, 1 year

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.120(2)

Trespass, 6 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 12.080(3)

Wrongful Death, 3 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 30.020(1)

Criminal

Note: The criminal statutes of limitations generally are in Title 14, Chapter 131 of the Oregon Revised Statutes. You need to scroll through the page provided to see the specific code sections noted below. Also, you can scroll through § 131.125 and the criminal laws (found in Chapters 162 through 167 of Volume 4 of the Revised Statutes) to find the statutes of limitations for crimes not listed below.

Description

Statute

Arson, 6 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(5)

Assault, 2 or 3 years (Depending on the facts of the case)

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a) or (b)

Burglary, 3 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a)    

Disorderly Conduct, 2 or 3 years (Depending on the facts of the case)    

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a) or (b)

Kidnapping, 3 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a)    

Manslaughter, first degree, No time limit

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(1)

Manslaughter, second degree, No time limit

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(1)

Murder, aggravated, No time limit

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(1)

Murder, No time limit

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(1)

Rape, No time limit

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(1)

Receiving Stolen Property, 2 or 3 years (Depending on the facts of the case)

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a) or (b)     

Robbery, 3 years

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a)

Theft, 2 or 3 years (Depending on the facts of the case)                 

Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125(6)(a) or (b)

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