Summary judgment

: judgment that may be granted upon a party's motion when the pleadings, discovery, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue of material fact and that the party is entitled to judgment in its favor as a matter of law
According to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a motion for summary judgment may be made at any time after 20 days following the commencement of the action. Summary judgment may be granted on all or on just part of a case.
b  : an obligation (as a debt) created by a decree of a court <collection of...automobile ~s from uninsured motorists ­Harvard Law Review>
: an official document embodying such a decision or decree
c  : a declaration by a court of the conviction of a criminal defendant and the punishment to be imposed
: See also sentence
2  : the action of judging
: the mental or intellectual process of forming an opinion or making a decision
: an opinion or decision so formed

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Based on Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law ©2001.
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