Personal jurisdiction

: the jurisdiction granted a court over the parties before it that allows it to issue a binding judgment
see also doing business statute fair play and substantial justice long-arm statute minimum contacts
compare subject matter jurisdiction in this entry
The U.S. Supreme Court has held in a series of decisions that the exercise of personal jurisdiction must meet the requirements of due process and must not violate notions of fair play and substantial justice. The constitutional standard to determine whether a party is subject to the personal jurisdiction of a court is whether that party has had minimum contacts within the territory (as a state) of that court.

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Based on Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law ©2001.
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