Civil liability

: liability imposed under civil laws and civil process as distinguished from criminal laws
: the state of being subject to civil sanctions (as restitution or damages) <the acquittal does not relieve the corporation of civil liability for its fraud>
see also tort
Civil liability is created by a legal theory or principle that places a duty or obligation (as to use due care) on the defendant.

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Based on Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law ©2001.
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